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SafeSalt Powder

SafeSalt Horse Salt Supplement - 4.4lbs (2kg) Powder

Regular price $35.00

Unit price per 

SafeSalt Horse Salt Supplement

  • For horses in light work or rest
  • Maintains essential salt levels
  • Promotes water & feed intake
  • Gentle & safe for your horse's stomach using Micro Encapsulation TechnologyTM
  • 4.4lb (2kg) tub gives approximately 2-month supply
Product Description:

What?

SafeSalt provides sodium and chloride in a palatable, gentle on the stomach delivery system where individual grains of salt are coated in special oil which will not dissolve in the mouth or stomach. This protects the salt from absorption until it reaches the small intestine – the ideal location for salt absorption.  While table salt can be added to the feed, horses often find this unpalatable and their granular nature means that it is easy for fussy horses to leave them at the bottom of the feed manger. Further, there is also evidence that ordinary salt can cause or worsen gastric ulcers in horses (think how salt on a wound feels – of course horses with ulcers don’t want to eat salt!). SafeSalt is a unique formulation that provides a palatable source of sodium and chloride and helps overcome these potential palatability problems.  In a clinical trial submitted to the 2013 Proceedings of the Equine Science Society, SafeSalt was shown to increase sodium intake when compared to salt block access, and was shown to increase water intake at mild temperatures.

Microencapsulation image

Why?

Salt (sodium chloride, chemical formula NaCl) is a key nutrient required for nerve and muscle function, maintenance of normal hydration, and digestive, kidney, lung and heart function. While forage is rich in potassium and chloride, few feeds contain sufficient sodium to meet the needs of the horse. Thus, the most common electrolyte deficient is sodium, so most horses need supplemental salt just to meet their basic requirements. Further, horses in work, competing, and racing require extra electrolytes to replace those lost in sweat, feces, and urine, and sub-optimal electrolyte intake can lead to muscle problems and poor performance.

When?

Salt imbalances can take weeks or months to correct, but are relatively easy to prevent with daily feeding. Therefore SafeSalt should be given daily in feed, especially during training and/or warm weather. SafeSalt is an ideal alternative to ordinary salt or electrolytes for horses that go off their feed during hard work, and is particularly helpful for horses with gastric irritation or ulcers to help stimulate drinking water (which maintains hydration and simply soothes the stomach).

Instructions for Use and Feeding Guide

Use the 25ml (28g) scoop provided

Maintenance / Light                         Level 25ml (28g) scoops per day
Pony - approximately 550lbs              0.5
Horse - approximately 1100lbs          1
Large Horse - over 1650lbs                1.5

Moderate
Pony - approximately 550lbs              1
Horse - approximately 1100lbs          1.5
Large Horse - over 1650lbs                2

Hard / Hot Weather
Pony - approximately 550lbs              2
Horse - approximately 1100lbs          3 - 4
Large Horse - over 1650lbs                4 - 5

-Mix thoroughly with feed and split between meals where possible.

-Always ensure unlimited access to water.

-Do not exceed the recommended intake.

Ingredients & Composition: 

One of our core values is transparency. That’s why we list all the active ingredients per daily feeding rate so you know exactly what your horse is getting.

Active Ingredients:
Per 1100lb maintenance daily dose (1 x 25ml) 28g SafeSalt delivers: 9.0g of sodium (Na), 13.4g of chloride (Cl), equivalent to 22.4g sodium chloride (NaCl).

Composition:
Sodium chloride, vegetable oil, flavor.

Analytical Constituents:
Ash 75.9%, Chloride 48.1%, Sodium 31.9%, Oils & Fats 19.8%, Protein 0.0%, Fiber 0.0%.

Additives (per kg):
EC permitted mint flavor 2g.

Research (affect on salt and water intake):

QUESTION: Does water intake differ in horses fed supplemental salt compared to free-choice access to salt blocks?

Abstract available in the 2013 Proceedings of the Equine Science Symposium
ME Gordon* and ML Jerina, Purina Animal Nutrition Center, Gray Summit, MO 63039
Available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0737080613001755

Background

  • Salt (electrolyte) balance is required for horses to maintain proper hydration and organ function.
  • Typical horse feeds are low in sodium, and exercise, stress, and environmental temperature can impact sweat (and therefore electrolyte) loss, so salt/electrolyte supplementation is needed to help horses maintain adequate levels.
  • Table salt has a strong flavor, so some horses will avoid salt intake intentionally, and the granular nature of table salt means it can easily fall to the bottom of feed buckets and not be consumed
  • Salt has been shown to aggravate or possibly cause gastric ulcers, so horses with ulcers may be even more likely to avoid salt intake

Aim of Study

A series of experiments were performed to test the hypothesis that horses receiving a supplemental salt product (SafeSalt®, Science Supplements) would increase voluntary water intake compared to horses with access to free-choice salt blocks.

Study Design

  • Randomised = which horses were given placebo was pre-determined by a random system rather than a person deciding at the time of seeing a horse. This removes bias in the results caused by selecting only certain horses to have a particular treatment.
  • Crossover trial = all horses received both active supplement and placebo allowing the response of an individual horse to each treatment to be compared. Crossover trials are potentially more efficient than similar sized, parallel group trials in which each horse is exposed to only one treatment.

Study Outline

A randomized, cross-over study design was used with 14-day treatment periods and 7-day washout periods between treatments. Horses (n=10, 5 mares, 5 geldings, 5-18yr, mean BW 554kg) were housed in individual stalls with attached dry lots, and received 0.5%BW pelleted concentrate/day (Strategy® GX, 0.18% added Na DM, Purina Animal Nutrition, St. Louis, MO) and 1.5%BW grass hay/day (0.021% Na Exp 1; 0.059% Na Exp 2, DM). Horses were acclimated to water buckets for 5 days followed by a 7-day supplemental salt withholding period before the first treatment was offered. Water intake was measured once daily (0730h) by digital scale. Horses were fed SafeSalt to provide an additional 0.04g Na/kg BW/day (Exp 1; April-June, 2012) or 0.06g Na/kg BW/day (Exp 2; Oct-Dec, 2012). SafeSalt was offered with the daily concentrate, split between feedings at 0700h and 1500h. Orts were measured once daily (0630h). Plain white salt blocks (1.8 kg) were provided in plastic coated holders attached to each stall wall during the salt block treatment periods. Salt block weight was recorded by digital scale six times per 14-day period (0730h) to limit handling. Daily mean ambient temperature was recorded to determine if weather affected water intake. ANOVA was done with mixed models (SAS 9.2, 2010) and least squares means were compared using Fisher’s LSD. Covariate of temperature was used to control for possible effects of temperature on water intake.

Study Results

Experiment 1

  • There was no difference in water intake between horses receiving SafeSalt versus access to salt block (P=0.2534, Table 1).
  • Temperature affected water intake, (P<0.0001, Table 1) with a positive slope estimate of 1.20 ± 0.08L/°C.
  • Daily salt intake within each experiment was different between treatments (P<0.0001, Table 1) and highly variable for salt blocks.

Experiment 2

  • There were significant effects for treatment (P=0.0201) and temperature (P<0.0001, Table 1).
  • Water intake was higher for horses consuming SafeSalt, and temperature had a positive effect on water intake with a slope estimate of 0.46±0.05L/°C.
  • Daily salt intake within each experiment was different between treatments (P<0.0001, Table 1) and highly variable for salt blocks.
Affect on sodium and water intake for SafeSalt versus salt block

Table 1. Daily water and sodium intake (above basal diet level) by horses provided supplemental salt or access to salt blocks1

1Differing superscripts within column denote P < 0.05 for each experiment; 2LS Mean ± SE; 3Mean ± SD; 4SB Na intake is calculated from 6 measurements per treatment period

Take Home Message

  • Feeding SafeSalt, regardless of temperature, lead to higher salt intake when compared to free salt block access.
  • Salt intake was very low and variable in horses given access to salt blocks in cooler weather, indicating salt block access may be insufficient to provide required levels of sodium for horses.
  • Providing 0.06g Na/kg BW/day of SafeSalt during cooler weather conditions increased water intake in horses compared to voluntary sodium consumption from salt blocks.
  • Further research is needed to access the effects of higher levels of SafeSalt administration in warmer weather.
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